:: Volume 13, Issue 3 And 4 (Autumn & Winter 2010) ::
EBNESINA 2010, 13(3 And 4): 74-78 Back to browse issues page
The best strategiy prevention of VAP for Health care
A Doulatyari , S Doulatyari
Abstract:   (2129 Views)

Background: Ventilated- associated pneumonia (VAP) is the most common acquired infection among ICU, The prevalence of pneumonia in intubated patients is 21 times more than other patients.Tracheal tube colonization is considered as a risk factor and affected with duration of intubation and decreased gastric acid. As a subgroups of Hospital Acquired Pneumonia (HAP) this infection refers to the development of pneumonia after the insertion of an artifical airway.

Materials and methods: In this review article, the information is gathered based on searching in library and published related Papers.

Results: Due to the impairment of lung normal defense mechanisms after the placement of an artificial airway. Development of VAP occurred. After the insertion of an artificial airway contamination of an artificial airway. The lower airway follows whiten 24 hours. VAP represent 80% of all HAP cases.

Conclusions: VAP is a serious complication of mechanical ventilation. VAP carries a mortality rate of approximately 30%. Contaminated several strategies may assist with prevention, including semirecumbent positioning, continuous aspiration of subglottic secretions (CASS), meticulous oral hygiene with antiseptics such as cholorohexidine, proper hand hygiene and prevention of aspiration microbial.

Keywords: VAP, HAP, Prevention
Full-Text [PDF 246 kb]   (5242 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2016/02/6 | Accepted: 2016/02/6 | Published: 2016/02/6

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Volume 13, Issue 3 And 4 (Autumn & Winter 2010) Back to browse issues page