Nosocomial infection is occured subsequent to being confind
patients to bed in the hospital. This infection is usually accompanied
by a significant mortality and morbidity and it causes therapeutic
costs to be increased.
The factors interfering nosocomial infection are some organisms
that are either resistant to antibiotics or they will become resistant to
them. Nearly 5-10% of the patients admitted to the hospitals are
infected with a sort of infection.
The infection in patients hospitalized in the intensive care unit (ICU)
is in close relationship with the appearance of clinical side effects
and results in economical and human damages. It is reported that
25% of the entire nosocomial infection in ICU is transferred through
blood and respiration.
Since 30% to 50% of the nosocomial infection is preventable and
nurses are fully aware of its controlling methods, however, there are
incoordination in performing those methods and insufficient control
of the infection. Therefore, the prevention strategies and
nosocomial infection control are important cases to be considered
in order to achieve more effective therapeutic results concerning the
patients who suffer from nosocomial infection. Finally, recognition of
nosocomial infection, preventative measures and admission of
these measures by hospital staff can decrease nosocomial infection