Background: Annually, accidents lead to mortality and morbidity in millions of people. Disaster preparedness and relief efforts after the accidents can minimize the risk of adverse effects. The aim of this study was to review the dimensions of first aid and transport for the injured people in accidents and natural disasters.
Materials and methods: This was a descriptive review. Studies were identified by searching in literature and electronic resources and database from 2000 to 2015, with keywords disaster and events, casualties, patient, relief and transport, dimensions.
Results: The transport process in the events has various aspects. The most important of those were type of accident, accident location, severity and extent of the accident, the condition of victims, the number of victims, specialist human resources for treatment, medical equipment, facilities and delivery vehicles, the transport team, security of transportation, and finally transport management, triage, planning, coordination and cooperation between the parts.
Conclusion: Generally, for goals such as saving the lives of victims, immediate access to specialized diagnosis and treatment, reduction of side-effects and risk for transport, and favorable response to organizational and national needs, it is necessary to consider all aspects of the transport in details.