:: Volume 20, Issue 1 (spring 2018) ::
EBNESINA 2018, 20(1): 40-47 Back to browse issues page
Impaired sleep quality of students based on circadian biological rhythms: role of the reinforcement sensitivity and gender
S Amiri , S Gharewisi
Urmia University, Urmia, Iran , amirysohrab@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (1365 Views)

Background: Sleep quality has a significant impact on the psychological aspects of people and can be change by biological aspects. The aim of the present study was to investigate the components of sleep quality based on the morning and evening and the role of reinforcement sensitivity theory and gender.
Materials and methods: The research design was ex-post facto. For this purpose, initially 490 students of Bu-Ali-Sina University were selected and morning/evening questionnaires were distributed among them. Then, 135 participants were selected for the second stage according to the obtained scores in the morning and evening questionnaires, in the form Morningness and eveningness and intermediate individuals. Finally, Sleep quality scale and sensitivity to reward and punishment scale in order to collect data were distributed among study participants.
Results: Our findings indicated significant differences among components of sleep quality based on the types of Morningness and eveningness and intermediate (p<0.05). So that eveningness types had a higher scores in delay falling asleep and sleep duration. Also, women in the dimensions of delay falling asleep disorders and sleep-inducing drugs showed higher scores than males (p<0.05).
Conclusion: It seems that individual differences in circadian cycles, plays an important role in sleep quality.


Keywords: Good Sleep Habits, Circadian Rhythms, Gender, Reinforcement
Full-Text [PDF 841 kb]   (507 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2017/03/4 | Published: 2018/04/15

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Volume 20, Issue 1 (spring 2018) Back to browse issues page