:: Volume 21, Issue 3 (Autumn 2019) ::
EBNESINA 2019, 21(3): 31-38 Back to browse issues page
Evaluation of health status and correlation between body mass index and visceral fat and bone mass in healthy adults
Saeideh Mahboubi, Abbas Nourmohammadi, Amir Nezami Asl, Alireza Mazloum Fazel, Seyyedeh Asefeh Mousavi, Mahdieh Doaee
Aja University of Medical Science , mahdyiedoayie@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (796 Views)
Background: Non-communicable diseases are the most common cause of premature death worldwide. Sedentary life style and unhealthy nutrition underlie for the increased fat, visceral mass, decreased bone mass and non-communicable diseases. In the present study the health status in apparently healthy people and the correlation between Body mass index (BMI) with visceral fat and bone mass was evaluated.
Materials and methods: A cross-sectional study with available sampling on 400 volunteer adults was performed. Inclusion criteria was signature of informed consent and exclusion criteria was dissatisfaction, high food intake, severe exercise, menstruation and apparent disease. Tanita Body composition Analyzer was used for body assessment. The correlation between BMI and visceral fat and bone mass was assayed by statistical methods and regression analysis was used to predict the value of mentioned dependent variables from BMI.
Results: The participated population consisted of 43.3% male and 56.7% female. Of overall population, 51.5% were over-weighted and 10.9% were obese. Women and men respectively had 33.8% and 28.57% excessive fat mass, and 74.5% and 54.7% bone mass reduction. High visceral fat mass was seen in 15.8% of the individuals and 1% had a very high visceral fat mass. The Pearson’s correlation coefficient between BMI and visceral fat was 0.564 which was statistically significant.
Conclusion: The seemingly healthy people have serious risk factors and unhealthy conditions, such as high visceral fat and osteoporosis that are the cause of chronic diseases. Many people have not a proper risk perception for decision making and need prevention visit. Prevention clinics can play an important role in risk perception, disease prevention, and health promotion.
Keywords: Body Mass Index, Intra-Abdominal Fat, Osteoporosis, Preventive Health Services
Full-Text [PDF 908 kb]   (160 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2019/01/1 | Published: 2019/10/2

XML   Persian Abstract   Print

Volume 21, Issue 3 (Autumn 2019) Back to browse issues page