:: Volume 10, Issue 2 (Summer 2007) ::
EBNESINA 2007, 10(2): 5-10 Back to browse issues page
The frequency of disabling malignancies in air force personnel during 1371-1382
B Montazeri , K Alizadeh, S Zarei
Abstract:   (14677 Views)
Background: Disability is a major problem affecting both function and economy of the laborers and society. Malignancies represent a significant proportion of health problems in the working population. This study attempts to determine the frequency of disabling malignancies in air force personnel in a period of 11 years (during 1371-1382).
Materials and methods: In a retrospective, cross-sectional design a descriptive-analytical study was conducted on all military and nonmilitary (office workers) personnel who had retired for medical reasons with a diagnosis of cancer during 1371-1382. The SPSS software was used for data analysis.
Results: Among 1931 individuals who had an early retirement foe medical reasons, 160 (8.3%) had cancer. Average age was 41.2±5.9 years. Average lost service years were 7.5±5.6 years. The malignancies of the nervous system were the most common type (46 cases, 28.7%), including brain tumors (36 cases, 22.5%), followed by gastrointestinal cancers (36 cases, 24.5%). There was a significant relation between different service and the type of cancer.
Conclusion: The prevailing disabling cancers were observed in the nervous system and the gastrointestinal tract this is similar to other studies. According to our findings cancers do not seem to be a significant etiology for disability. The higher frequency of gastrointestinal cancers in our study may be related to a certain diet or an unhealthy life style factors that are easily amenable to elimination by proper education.
Keywords: disability, cancer, military
Full-Text [PDF 246 kb]   (2596 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2012/03/7 | Accepted: 2014/06/3 | Published: 2014/06/3


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Volume 10, Issue 2 (Summer 2007) Back to browse issues page